35th BATTALION A.I.F.
Private: 2066 Wentworth Lincon EAST.
Born: 1889. Nowra, New South Wales, Australia. Birth Cert: 34030/1889.
Died: 7th June 1917. Killed in Action Messines Ridge, Belgium.
Father: John East.
Mother: Elizabeth East. nee: Jarman. (1852-1944)
7th June 1917.
They made it to the "jump off" point but only just with some of the men from the 9th and 10th going straight over the top without stopping. The mines went up and the attack commenced behind a protective barrage. The II Anzac Corps were attacking on the right with their objective being the southern shoulder of the ridge which included Messines, the Dover and St Yves areas as far south to the east of Ploegsteert Wood.
Major General Sir John MONASH's 3rd Division had to contend with a tricky 3 mile approach out of Ploegsteert Wood and after the German gas attack, but they were not deterred. The 9th Infantry Brigade under Brigadier General: Alexander JOBSON and the 10th Infantry Brigade under Brigadier General W R NICHOLL had just made the jumping off point but some of the men did not stop, going straight into the assault from the approach march.
Their objective lay between St Yves and the Douve. The mines at Trench 127 and Trench 12 at Factory Farm were laid to aid this task. The explosions erupted a few seconds before zero hour and created craters of 200 feet in diameter, completely obliterating the German defense line as the 9th and 10th Infantry Brigades went over the top. The mine crates forced the 9th and 10th Brigades to veer to the left and right which caused some confusion with the main assault. It is testimony to the quality of training that every man knew the ground, tasks and objectives so well.
Private: 1804 John CARROLL 33rd Battalion, rushed the enemy's trench and bayoneted four of the German occupants. He then noticed a comrade in difficulties and went to his assistance, killing another German. He then attacked single handed a German Machine Gun Team, killing all three of them and capturing the gun. He later rescued two of his comrades who had been buried alive by German Shell Fire, and in spite of heavy shelling and machine gun fire he dug them out alive and saved them from certain death. John was awarded the Victoria Cross.
The German forward zone was completely engulfed and taken by the main assault. The two supporting battalions of each brigade then passed the leading battalion to continue the advance. The men were constantly re-supplied and the ridge was taken. There were many German prisoners taken during the offensive. The 3rd Division was well ahead with the 9th Infantry Brigade pushing on beyond Grey Farm, and on the right the 10th Infantry Brigade were veering left towards Septieme Barn north of Douve.
The German resistance was heavy but was generally brushed aside by tanks and artillery before the infantry had to become too involved.The 4th Bavarian Divisions Artillery had made little impact, but as the day wore on the 3rd Division and later the 4th Australian Division received many casualties from German artillery. (70% of all casualties during WW1 were from artillery).
By 9:00 am nearly 6 hours after the assault began the Germans were in dissaray, but there was a major problem as the Australians received less casualties as anticipated and when ordered to dig into the ridge they had so many men, that some could not find shelter. the 35th battalion were dug in around Seaforth Farm.
The second phase of the operation was to take the Oosttaverne Line. The 3rd Australian Division would now be in reserve with the 4th Division attacking. The 9th Infantry Brigade (33-34-35-36Bn) were near Thatched Cottage facing Warneton. The river Lys was to their right and the Ploegsteert Wood was now behind them.
Once their objectives were taken the troops consolidated. A barrage to stop and counter attack was shortened and caught three battalions which had to retire. By 9:00 pm this part of the Oosttaverne Line was abandoned. At 10:45 pm General: Alexander GODLEY ordered the 3rd and 4th Divisions to retake it. This they did by the early hours of the 8th of June.
The Battle for Messines Ridge during May-June 1917 saw 35 officers and 1,631 other ranks loose their lives.
|33rd Battalion. AIF||8 Officers||382 Other ranks|
|34th Battalion. AIF||10 Officers||378 Other ranks|
|35th Battalion. AIF||5 Officers||431 Other ranks|
|36th Battalion. AIF||9 Officers||421 Other ranks|
|9th Machine Gun Company. AIF||2 Officer||17 Other ranks|
|9th Light Trench Mortar Battery.||1 Officer||2 Other ranks|
Wenty was a farmer from "Ellerslie" Dunmore via Kiama, N.S.W prior to the Great War. John and Elizabeth East were married in 1875 at Kiama, N.S.W. Marriage Cert: 2869/1875 and had 9 children, 5 boys and 4 girls. Grace Adelade East born in 1876 at Kiama, N.S.W. Birth Cert: 13425/1876 and married Ira R W Huthnanor in 1907 at Kiama, N.S.W Marriage Cert: 1617/1907. (no death records N.S.W.) Percival John Wentworth East born in 1878 at Kiama, N.S.W. Birth Cert: 14797/1878 and died in 1962 at Wollongong, N.S.W. Death Cert:17542/1962. Elsie May East born in 1879 at Kiama, N.S.W. Birth Cert:15824/1879 and married Hugh D Woolley in 1908 at Kiama, N.S.W. Marriage Cert:1803/1908. Aubrey Oswald John East born 1881 at Kiama, N.S.W. Birth Cert:19395/1881 and married Ida E Cornford in 1905 at Kiama, N.S.W. Marriage Cert:7058/1905 and died in 1953 at Byron Bay, N.S.W. Death Cert:29922/1953. Ruby May East born 1883 at Kiama, N.S.W. birth Cert:21653/1883 (No Marriage or Death Record in NSW). Ambrose Thomas Henry East born 1884 at Kiama, N.S.W. Birth Cert:23501/1884 and married Daisy E Hurst in 1909 at Kiama, N.S.W. Marriage Cert:11482/1909 and died in 1961 at Lismore, N.S.W. Death Cert:2276/1961. John East born in 1886-7 at Petersham, N.S.W. Birth Cert:6147/1886-7 and died in 1886 at Petersham, N.S.W. Death Cert:3499/1886. Wentworth Lincon East born 1889 at Nowra, N.S.W. Birth Cert:34030/1889 and died 7th June 1917. Messines Ridge, Belgium. Mary E East born 1892 at Nowra, N.S.W. Birth Cert:27029/1892 and married Arthur S Cornford in 1915 at Kiama, N.S.W. Marriage Cert:1563/1915 and died in 1975 N.S.W. Death Cert:100644/1975.
Reverend Gordon Wentworth Moore, son of Murial Moore, father of Elaine Smith.
Wenty's Nephew. Private: NX 129067 Wentworth Dawson EAST. 2/10 Battalion World War 2.
Under Construction; 12/01/2006-09/10/2017.